Becoming a civil judge in India is a prestigious and rewarding career path within the judicial system. Civil judges play a vital role in delivering justice and resolving civil disputes. To embark on this journey, one needs to meet specific qualifications and successfully clear several competitive examinations. In this article, we will guide you through the steps required to become a civil judge in India.
- Educational Qualifications: To be eligible for the position of a civil judge, you must possess a Bachelor’s degree in Law (LLB) from a recognized university in India. Generally, a three-year LLB or a five-year integrated LLB program is acceptable.
- Age Limit: The age limit for the position of a civil judge may vary from state to state. However, in most cases, candidates should be between 21 to 32 years of age at the time of applying for the judicial services examination. Some relaxations in the age limit are often provided to candidates from reserved categories.
- Nationality: Candidates must be Indian citizens to apply for the judicial services examination.
Steps to Become a Civil Judge in India
- Preliminary Examination: The first step in the journey to become a civil judge is to clear the preliminary examination. This examination tests a candidate’s knowledge of the Indian legal system, current affairs, and general knowledge. The pattern of this examination varies from state to state. You can take the guidance from the judiciary coaching institutes to crack different state civil judge exams.
- Main Examination: If you pass the preliminary examination, you will move on to the main examination, which is more extensive and detailed. It typically consists of subjective papers that assess a candidate’s understanding of substantive and procedural laws, as well as language skills.
- Interview/Viva-Voce: After clearing the main examination, candidates are required to appear for a viva-voce or interview. This is typically the final stage in the selection process. The interview panel assesses a candidate’s personality, knowledge, and suitability for the role of a civil judge.
- Judicial Training: Once you clear all the stages of the examination, you will undergo judicial training as per the guidelines of the respective state’s judicial academy. This training program prepares you for the role of a civil judge and covers various aspects of the law and court procedures.
Different Examinations for Judicial Services
The specific examination for judicial services varies from state to state. Each state conducts its own examination to recruit civil judges. Some states have a common examination for their lower judiciary, while others have separate examinations for lower judiciary and higher judiciary. Some well-known state-level judicial services examinations include:
- Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination: Conducted by the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPSC).
- Bihar Judicial Service Examination: Conducted by the Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC). You can get the complete details about Bihar judiciary exam in their official website.
- Rajasthan Judicial Service Examination: Conducted by the Rajasthan Public Service Commission (RPSC).
- Maharashtra Judicial Service Examination: Conducted by the Maharashtra Public Service Commission (MPSC).
- Delhi Judicial Service Examination: Conducted by the High Court of Delhi.
Becoming a civil judge in India is a challenging but highly rewarding endeavor. The journey involves obtaining the necessary educational qualifications, meeting age requirements, and successfully clearing a series of competitive examinations. Each state conducts its own judicial services examination, so candidates should research and prepare accordingly. Once you become a civil judge, you will be entrusted with the important responsibility of upholding justice and the rule of law in India.